This is a list of identity card policies by country.
In countries of the European Union, a national identity card complying to certain standards can, in most cases be used by European citizens as a travel document, in place of a passport.
For many years, the DNI was issued as a small booklet (called libreta).
upon expiry, and legal name changes as when a woman gets married and assumes her husband's surname).
Every time a new one is issued for whatever reason, a new photograph must be taken.
The new DNI card is required to obtain a new Argentine Passport and there are penalties if they aren't renewed in time. The card is first issued at age 12, compulsory by 15.
Belarus has combined the international passport and the internal passport into one document. Since the beginning of 2005 the e ID (electronic IDentity-card) has been issued to Belgian citizens who apply for a new identity card.
In some countries alternative proof of identity, such as a driving licence is acceptable.
Privacy International said that "virtually no common law country has a card".
There may be a penalty for not carrying a card or other legally valid identification (a passport, for foreigners); in some cases a person may be detained until identity is proven. In some countries, police need a reason, such as crime suspicion or security risk.