The results revealed a striking degree of cross-cultural convergence.In all four cultural groups, the majority of participants said that (a) our universe is indeterministic and (b) moral responsibility is not compatible with determinism.
cerita lucah awek tgh melancap - Accommodating cultural diversity applied legal philosophy
Age and culture effects also emerged: Young children in both cultures viewed social obligations as constraints on action, but American children did so less as they aged.
These findings suggest that while basic notions of free choice are universal, recognitions of social obligations as constraints on action may be culturally learned.
Rather, in a growing number of studies, it has been shown that people in different cultural groups – Asians and Westerners, males and females, people of high and low socio-economic status, people with different personality types, people of different ages, people with different native languages, etc.
– have different intuitions about cases designed to explore what people think about knowledge, morality, free will, consciousness and other important philosophical issues.
Abstract: In this paper we propose to argue for two claims.
The first is that a sizeable group of epistemological projects – a group which includes much of what has been done in epistemology in the analytic tradition – would be seriously undermined if one or more of a cluster of empirical hypotheses about epistemic intuitions turns out to be true.
Contemporary philosophers often make claims about “our” intuitions, and what “we” think about cases, where it is clear that “we” is intended to denote not just the philosopher and a few like-minded colleagues, but almost all thoughtful people.
Over the last decade, however, the newly emerging field of “experimental philosophy” has posed a challenge to the claim that the professional philosophers’ intuitions about philosophically important cases are universal.
Part One, the part to immediately follow, is intended as a step in the direction of finding answers to these two orienting questions.