In recent years, various appeals have gone to the British government to return such artifacts.
The most prominent of these artifacts was the famous Queen Idia mask used as a mascot during the Second Festival of Arts Culture (FESTAC '77) held in Nigeria in 1977 now known as "Festac Mask".
In Nigeria Ẹdo has the greatest and rich culture and most influence in West Africa and powerful King in Nigeria.
He refused to return to Ẹdo, but sent his son Ọranmiyan to become king in his place. He caused his son born to him by Ẹrinmwide to be made King in his place, and returned to Yoruba land Ile-Ife.
Prince Ọranmiyan took up residence in the palace built for him at Usama by the elders. Soon after he married a beautiful lady, Ẹrinmwide, daughter of Osa-nego, the ninth Duke (Enogie) of Edọ. After some years he called a meeting of the people and renounced his office, remarking that the country was a land of vexation, Ile-Ibinu nd that only a child born, trained and educated in the arts and mysteries of the land could reign over the people. After some years in Ife, he left for Ọyọ , where he also left a son behind on leaving the place, and his son Ajaka ultimately became the first Alafin of Ọyọ of the present line, while Ọranmiyan (The exiled Prince Ekaladerhan, also known as Izoduwa) himself was reigning as Ọọni of Ifẹ.
Benin is the centre of Nigeria's rubber industry, but processing palm nuts for oil is also an important traditional industry.
The original people and founders of the Ẹdo Empire and the Ẹdo people, initially were ruled by the Ogiso (Kings of the Sky) dynasty who called their land Igodomigodo.
Igodo, the first Ogiso, wielded much influence and gained popularity as a good ruler.
He died after a long reign and was succeeded by Ere, his eldest son.Some of the bronzes were auctioned off to compensate for the expenses incurred during the invasion of the city.Most of these artifacts can be found today in British museums and other parts of the world.Following Nigeria's independence from British rule in 1960, Benin City became the capital of Mid-Western Region when the region was split from Western Region in June 1963; it remained the capital of the region when the region was renamed Bendel State in 1976, and became the state capital of Ẹdo State when Bendel was split into Delta and Ẹdo states in 1991.Benin City is home to some of Nigeria's institutions of higher learning, namely, the University of Benin located at Ugbowo and Ekenwan, the College of Education Ekiadolor, Igbinedion University, the Benson Idahosa University and Wellspring University. 1,147,188) and the capital of Edo State in southern Nigeria.