In 1901 the population was 1,532,475, showing an increase of 10% in the decade.
It also contains power plants at Durgapur and Dishergarh.
Burdwan district with its varied tectonic elements and riverine features, is a transitional zone between the Jharkhand plateau which constitutes a portion of peninsular shield in the west and Ganga-Brahamaputra alluvial plain in the north and east.
Tow the south, the alluvial plain merges with Damodar-kasain-Subarnarekha deltaic plains.
The western half of the district resembles a promontory jutting out from the hill ranges of Chotonagpur plateau and consists of barren, rocky and rolling country with a laterite soil rising into rocky hillocks, the highest being 227 m.
The district was acquired by the East India Company under the treaty with Nawab Mir Qasim in 1760 and confirmed by the emperor Shah Alam II in 1765.
The land revenue was fixed in perpetuity with the zemindar in 1793.The notable rivers and khals are Damodar, Bhagirathi, Barakar, Ajay, Dwarakeswar, Nonia, Singaram, Tamla, Kukua, Kunur, Tumuni, Khari, Banka, Chanda-kanki nala, Behula, Gangur, Brahmani, Khandesvari, Karulia nala, Dwaraka or Babla, Koiya nala, Kandarkahal, Kanadamodar, Kananadi, Ghea, Kakinadi etc.Different types of soil are encountered in topographical biological, hydrological, and geological conditions in the Burdwan district.In addition, Bardhaman contains the great coal-field of Raniganj, where coal mining in India started in 1774, the enterprises first becoming corporatised around 1820 by Alexander & Co, and then under the leadership of Prince Dwarkanath Tagore, who bought over the existing collieries in 1835, eventually forming the Bengal Coal Co. Bardhaman became an important economic hub in West Bengal because of its location and due to the natural resources in the region (especially coal).Bardhaman District has an area of 7,024 km² and a population of 6,895,514 (2001 census).This part is highly industrialised and contains factories based on iron and steel processing, as well as many cement factories.