) is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.Geology can also refer generally to the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet (such as the geology of the Moon or Mars).
Geology gives insight into the history of the Earth by providing the primary evidence for plate tectonics, the evolutionary history of life, and past climates.
Geology is important for mineral and hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation, evaluating water resources, understanding of natural hazards, the remediation of environmental problems, and for providing insights into past climate change.
The software analyses artwork for signs of an artist's unique style and can also help date paintings by a particular artist.
Igor Berezhnoy, from Maastricht University, developed the system with colleagues Eric Postma and Jaap van den Herik.
Alidade - An optical surveyor's instrument used in the field to create topographic maps and top plans.
Today alidades are being replaced by Total Stations.
Alloy - A substance made by the mixture of two or more elements, at least one of which is a metal.
Aerial Photography - The various techniques of taking photographs of natural or cultural features from the air, using balloons, airplanes, satellites, and other sources, in order to study the features in their entirety from a top-down (bird's eye) view.
Early to Middle Miocene Sequences, Systems Tracts, and Benthic Foraminiferal Biofacies, New Jersey Coastal Plain.