In 1978, Voight portrayed the paraplegic Vietnam veteran Luke Martin in Hal Ashby's film Coming Home, and was awarded Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival, for his portrait of an embittered paraplegic, reportedly based on real-life Vietnam veteran-turned-antiwar-activist Ron Kovic, with whom Fonda's character falls in love.
The film included a much-talked-about love scene between the two.
Following his graduation in 1956, he enrolled at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D. After graduation, Voight moved to New York City, where he pursued an acting career. They separated in 1976, filed for divorce in 1978, and divorced in 1980.
Both Voight and co-star Hoffman were nominated for Best Actor, but lost out to John Wayne in True Grit.
In 1970, Voight appeared in Mike Nichols' adaptation of Catch-22, and re-teamed with director Paul Williams to star in The Revolutionary, as a left wing college student struggling with his conscience. Directed by John Boorman, from a script that poet James Dickey had helped to adapt from his novel of the same name, it tells the story of a canoe trip gone awry in a feral, backwoods America.
Voight gave critically acclaimed biographical performances during the 2000s, appearing as sportscaster Howard Cosell in Ali (2001) for which he was nominated for an Academy Award, as Nazi officer Jürgen Stroop in Uprising (2001), as Franklin D.
Roosevelt in Michael Bay's Pearl Harbor (2001) and as Pope John Paul II in the eponymous miniseries (2005).
Voight was estranged from his children for several years, but they reconciled in 2007 after Bertrand's death.
In the early 1960s, Voight found work in television, appearing in several episodes of Gunsmoke, between 19, as well as guest spots on Naked City, and The Defenders, both in 1963, and Twelve O'Clock High, in 1966.
He is the winner of one Academy Award, having been nominated for four.
He has also won four Golden Globe Awards and was nominated for eleven.
In 1969, Voight was cast in the groundbreaking Midnight Cowboy, a film that would make his career.